Comparisons
 between US and:

vehicle rate

dist. rate

Background and more

information in 2004 book

Click for info on

Traffic Safety

GB

Canada

Australia

GB

Copyright 2004 by Leonard Evans

This is the calculation in Table 15-5, page 388, of Traffic Safety showing that 215,480 additional Americans died because US failed to match British safety performance (see also summary in Table 15-7, p. 388)

US versus GB traffic fatalities per per billion km of vehicle travel (distance rate)

    USA  GB      
year  

traffic fatalities

travel (billion km) fatalities per bil km traffic fatalities travel (billion km) fatalities per bil km percent change from 1979   A B C
1979  

51,093

2,460.9 20.8   6,352 260.5

24.389 

     

  20.762 51,093

      

1980  

51,091

2,457.9 20.8   6,010 277.0

21.695 

-11.0       18.469 45,396 5,695 
1981  

49,301

2,503.0 19.7   5,846 282.4

20.705 

-15.1       17.626 44,118 5,183 
1982  

43,945

2,566.9 17.1   5,934 290.9

20.402 

-16.3       17.368 44,583 -638 
1983  

42,589

2,659.9 16.0   5,445 294.4

18.493 

-24.2       15.743 41,874 715 
1984  

44,257

2,768.5 16.0   5,599 309.5

18.092 

-25.8       15.402 42,640 1,617 
1985  

43,825

2,856.3 15.3   5,165 315.7

16.359 

-32.9       13.926 39,778 4,047 
1986  

46,087

2,952.9 15.6   5,382 330.8

16.272 

-33.3       13.852 40,904 5,183 
1987  

46,390

3,091.9 15.0   5,125 356.2

14.388 

-41.0       12.249 37,871 8,519 
1988  

47,087

3,260.4 14.4   5,052 380.9

13.262 

-45.6       11.290 36,811 10,276 
1989  

45,582

3,373.9 13.5   5,373 412.1

13.038 

-46.5       11.100 37,450 8,132 
1990  

44,599

3,451.0 12.9   5,217 416.1

12.538 

-48.6       10.674 36,835 7,764 
1991  

41,508

3,495.6 11.9   4,568 416.7

10.961 

-55.1       9.331 32,618 8,890 
1992  

39,250

3,616.4 10.9   4,229 416.8

10.146 

-58.4       8.638 31,237 8,013 
1993  

40,150

3,695.6 10.9   3,814 416.2

9.164 

-62.4       7.801 28,830 11,320 
1994  

40,716

3,794.1 10.7   3,650 425.6

8.577 

-64.8       7.301 27,702 13,014 
1995  

41,817

3,898.9 10.7   3,621 433.9

8.346 

-65.8       7.105 27,701 14,116 
1996  

42,065

4,000.6 10.5   3,598 445.2

8.082 

-66.9       6.880 27,523 14,542 
1997  

42,013

4,122.6 10.2   3,599 454.4

7.920 

-67.5       6.742 27,796 14,217 
1998  

41,501

4,235.0 9.8   3,421 463.6

7.380 

-69.7       6.282 26,606 14,895 
1999  

41,717

4,330.8 9.6   3,423 471.2

7.264 

-70.2       6.184 26,783 14,934 
2000  

41,945

4,425.4 9.5   3,409 471.0

7.238 

-70.3       6.162 27,267 14,678 
2001  

42,196

4,476.3 9.4   3,450 478.1

7.216 

-70.4       6.143 27,498 14,698 
2002  

42,815

4,553.8 9.4   3,431 490.0

7.002 

-71.3       5.961 27,145

15,670 

*

 total number of fewer US fatalities if US rate had declined in step with British rate

  215,480

A: what US rate would have been if it had declined by same percent as British rate

B: what US fatalities would have been for US vehicle fleet if vehicle rate had been as in column A

C: the number of US fatalities prevented if US rate had declined in step with British rate

* If US rate changes had matched those in GB, 15,670 fewer Americans would have been killed in 2002.

   In 2002, US fatalities would have been 27,145 rather than the observed 42,815 .