Comparisons
 between US and:

vehicle rate

dist. rate

Background and more

information in 2004 book

Click for info on

Traffic Safety

GB

Canada

Australia

GB

Copyright 2004 by Leonard Evans

This calculation provides the value in Table 15-7, p.388, of Traffic Safety that 266,686 additional Americans died because US failed to match Australian safety performance

US versus Australia traffic fatalities per thousand registered vehicles (vehicle rate)

    USA Australia     
year   traffic fatalities vehicles  (thous) fatalities per thou vehicles traffic fatalities vehicles  (thous) fatalities per thou vehicles percent change from 1979  A      B C
1979   51,093 144,317 0.354  3,508 7,358 0.477          0.354

51,093

      
1980   51,091 146,845 0.348  3,272 7,574 0.432 

-9.4    

  0.321 47,108 3,983 
1981   49,301 149,330 0.330  3,321 7,918 0.419 

-12.0    

  0.311 46,510 2,791 
1982   43,945 151,148 0.291  3,252 8,346 0.390 

-18.3    

  0.289 43,734 211 
1983   42,589 153,830 0.277  2,755 8,590 0.321 

-32.7    

  0.238 36,636 5,953 
1984   44,257 158,900 0.279  2,822 8,833 0.319 

-33.0    

  0.237 37,698 6,559 
1985   43,825 166,047 0.264  2,941 9,118 0.323 

-32.3    

  0.240 39,771 4,054 
1986   46,087 168,545 0.273  2,888 9,291 0.311 

-34.8    

  0.231 38,904 7,183 
1987   46,390 172,750 0.269  2,772 9,374 0.296 

-38.0    

  0.220 37,934 8,456 
1988   47,087 177,455 0.265  2,887 9,544 0.302 

-36.6    

  0.225 39,861 7,226 
1989   45,582 181,165 0.252  2,801 9,806 0.286 

-40.1    

  0.212 38,427 7,155 
1990   44,599 184,275 0.242  2,331 10,081 0.231 

-51.5    

  0.172 31,641 12,958 
1991   41,508 186,370 0.223  2,113 9,934 0.213 

-55.4    

  0.158 29,437 12,071 
1992   39,250 184,938 0.212  1,974 10,247 0.193 

-59.6    

  0.143 26,456 12,794 
1993   40,150 188,350 0.213  1,953 10,432 0.187 

-60.7    

  0.139 26,186 13,964 
1994   40,716 192,497 0.212  1,928 10,699 0.180 

-62.2    

  0.134 25,759 14,957 
1995   41,817 197,065 0.212  2,017 10,935 0.184 

-61.3    

  0.137 26,991 14,826 
1996   42,065 201,631 0.209  1,970 11,401 0.173 

-63.8    

  0.128 25,871 16,194 
1997   42,013 203,568 0.206  1,768 11,664 0.152 

-68.2    

  0.113 22,913 19,100 
1998   41,501 208,076 0.199  1,755 12,067 0.145 

-69.5    

  0.108 22,472 19,029 
1999   41,717 212,685 0.196  1,763 12,269 0.144 

-69.9    

  0.107 22,695 19,022 
2000   41,945 217,028 0.193  1,822 12,477 0.146 

-69.4    

  0.108 23,534 18,411 
2001   42,196 221,230 0.191  1,736 12,489 0.139 

-70.8    

  0.103 22,835 19,361 
2002   42,815 224,974 0.190  1,715 12,799 0.134 

-71.9    

  0.100 22,386 20,429  *

        total number of fewer US fatalities if US rate had declined in step with Australian rate

266,686

A: what US rate would have been if it had declined by same percent as Australian rate

B: what US fatalities would have been for US vehicle fleet if vehicle rate had been as in column A

C: the number of US fatalities prevented if US rate had declined in step with Australian rate

* If US rate changes had matched those in Australia, 20,429 fewer Americans would have been killed in 2002.

   In 2002, US fatalities would have been 22,386 rather than the observed 42,815.