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Ralph Nader demonstrating an airbag simulator on an unbelted three-year old child at a 5 July 1977 press conference touting the device. Airbags are to date blamed for the deaths of at least 86 children in low-severity crashes that should otherwise have been survivable.  On average, airbags increase fatality risk to unbelted children by 84%.  Even for belted children, airbags increase fatality risk by 31%.  Risks to children were of concern to engineers from the late 1960s, and were addressed in, for example, a published 1972 technical paper ´┐ŻAirbag effects on the out-of-position child´┐Ż.